References regarding (SARS CoV 2) as a cause of dizziness or hearing loss in the COVID 19 pandemic

Marcello Cherchi, MD, PhD. Return to Index. • Page last modified: May 24, 2021

Almufarrij, I., K. Uus and K. J. Munro (2020). "Does coronavirus affect the audio-vestibular system? A rapid systematic review." Int J Audiol 59(7): 487-491.
Arabi, Y. M., A. Harthi, J. Hussein, A. Bouchama, S. Johani, A. H. Hajeer, B. T. Saeed, A. Wahbi, A. Saedy, T. AlDabbagh, R. Okaili, M. Sadat and H. Balkhy (2015). "Severe neurologic syndrome associated with Middle East respiratory syndrome corona virus (MERS-CoV)." Infection 43(4): 495-501.
Baden, L. R., H. M. El Sahly, B. Essink, K. Kotloff, S. Frey, R. Novak, D. Diemert, S. A. Spector, N. Rouphael, C. B. Creech, J. McGettigan, S. Khetan, N. Segall, J. Solis, A. Brosz, C. Fierro, H. Schwartz, K. Neuzil, L. Corey, P. Gilbert, H. Janes, D. Follmann, M. Marovich, J. Mascola, L. Polakowski, J. Ledgerwood, B. S. Graham, H. Bennett, R. Pajon, C. Knightly, B. Leav, W. Deng, H. Zhou, S. Han, M. Ivarsson, J. Miller, T. Zaks and C. S. Group (2021). "Efficacy and Safety of the mRNA-1273 SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine." N Engl J Med 384(5): 403-416.
Baig, A. M., A. Khaleeq, U. Ali and H. Syeda (2020). "Evidence of the COVID-19 Virus Targeting the CNS: Tissue Distribution, Host-Virus Interaction, and Proposed Neurotropic Mechanisms." ACS Chem Neurosci 11(7): 995-998.
Blitshteyn, S. and S. Whitelaw (2021). "Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) and other autonomic disorders after COVID-19 infection: a case series of 20 patients." Immunologic Research 69(2): 205-211.
Burks, J. S., B. L. DeVald, L. D. Jankovsky and J. C. Gerdes (1980). "Two coronaviruses isolated from central nervous system tissue of two multiple sclerosis patients." Science 209(4459): 933-934.
Ceccarelli, M., E. Berretta M Fau - Venanzi Rullo, G. Venanzi Rullo E Fau - Nunnari, B. Nunnari G Fau - Cacopardo and B. Cacopardo (2020). "Differences and similarities between Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)-CoronaVirus (CoV) and SARS-CoV-2. Would a rose by another name smell as sweet?" European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences 24(2284-0729 (Electronic)).
Chen, T., D. Wu, H. Chen, W. Yan, D. Yang, G. Chen, K. Ma, D. Xu, H. Yu, H. Wang, T. Wang, W. Guo, J. Chen, C. Ding, X. Zhang, J. Huang, M. Han, S. Li, X. Luo, J. Zhao and Q. Ning (2020). "Clinical characteristics of 113 deceased patients with coronavirus disease 2019: retrospective study." BMJ 368: m1091.
Dales, S. (1995). "Factors controlling coronavirus infections and disease of the central nervous system. A review." Adv Exp Med Biol 380: 13-22.
Dani, M., A. Dirksen, P. Taraborrelli, M. Torocastro, D. Panagopoulos, R. Sutton and P. B. Lim (2021). "Autonomic dysfunction in 'long COVID': rationale, physiology and management strategies." Clin Med (Lond) 21(1): e63-e67.
Dessau, R. B., G. Lisby and J. L. Frederiksen (1999). "Coronaviruses in spinal fluid of patients with acute monosymptomatic optic neuritis." Acta Neurol Scand 100(2): 88-91.
Dinkin, M., V. Gao, J. Kahan, S. Bobker, M. Simonetto, P. Wechsler, J. Harpe, C. Greer, G. Mints, G. Salama, A. J. Tsiouris and D. Leifer (2020). "COVID-19 presenting with ophthalmoparesis from cranial nerve palsy." Neurology.
Dube, M., A. Le Coupanec, A. H. M. Wong, J. M. Rini, M. Desforges and P. J. Talbot (2018). "Axonal Transport Enables Neuron-to-Neuron Propagation of Human Coronavirus OC43." J Virol 92(17).
Eshak, N., M. Abdelnabi, S. Ball, E. Elgwairi, K. Creed, V. Test and K. Nugent (2020). "Dysautonomia: An Overlooked Neurological Manifestation in a Critically ill COVID-19 Patient." Am J Med Sci 360(4): 427-429.
Fazzini, E., J. Fleming and S. Fahn (1992). "Cerebrospinal fluid antibodies to coronavirus in patients with Parkinson's disease." Mov Disord 7(2): 153-158.
Filatov, A., P. Sharma, F. Hindi and P. S. Espinosa (2020). "Neurological complications of coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Encephalopathy." Cureus 12(3): e7352.
Formeister, E. J., W. Chien, Y. Agrawal, J. P. Carey, C. M. Stewart and D. Q. Sun (2021). "Preliminary Analysis of Association Between COVID-19 Vaccination and Sudden Hearing Loss Using US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System Data." JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery.
Gautier, J. F. and Y. Ravussin (2020). "A New Symptom of COVID-19: Loss of Taste and Smell." Obesity (Silver Spring).
Giacomelli, A., L. Pezzati, F. Conti, D. Bernacchia, M. Siano, L. Oreni, S. Rusconi, C. Gervasoni, A. L. Ridolfo, G. Rizzardini, S. Antinori and M. Galli (2020). "Self-reported olfactory and taste disorders in SARS-CoV-2 patients: a cross-sectional study." Clin Infect Dis.
Goldstein, D. S. (2021). "The possible association between COVID-19 and postural tachycardia syndrome." Heart Rhythm 18(4): 508-509.
Goodman, B. P., J. A. Khoury, J. E. Blair and M. F. Grill (2021). "COVID-19 Dysautonomia." Front Neurol 12: 624968.
Hovanec, D. L. and T. D. Flanagan (1983). "Detection of antibodies to human coronaviruses 229E and OC43 in the sera of multiple sclerosis patients and normal subjects." Infect Immun 41(1): 426-429.
Johansson, M., M. Ståhlberg, M. Runold, M. Nygren-Bonnier, J. Nilsson, B. Olshansky, J. Bruchfeld and A. Fedorowski (2021). "Long-Haul Post-COVID-19 Symptoms Presenting as a Variant of Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome: The Swedish Experience." JACC Case Reports 3(4): 573-580.
Kadali, R. A. K., R. Janagama, S. Peruru, V. Gajula, R. R. Madathala, N. Chennaiahgari and S. V. Malayala (2021). "Non-life-threatening adverse effects with COVID-19 mRNA-1273 vaccine: A randomized, cross-sectional study on healthcare workers with detailed self-reported symptoms." J Med Virol.
Kanjwal, K., S. Jamal, A. Kichloo and B. P. Grubb (2020). "New-onset Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome Following Coronavirus Disease 2019 Infection." J Innov Card Rhythm Manag 11(11): 4302-4304.
Koralnik, I. J. and K. L. Tyler (2020). "COVID-19: A Global Threat to the Nervous System." Ann Neurol 88(1): 1-11.
Li, Y., H. Li, R. Fan, B. Wen, J. Zhang, X. Cao, C. Wang, Z. Song, S. Li, X. Li, X. Lv, X. Qu, R. Huang and W. Liu (2016). "Coronavirus Infections in the Central Nervous System and Respiratory Tract Show Distinct Features in Hospitalized Children." Intervirology 59(3): 163-169.
Liotta, E. M., A. Batra, J. R. Clark, N. A. Shlobin, S. C. Hoffman, Z. S. Orban and I. J. Koralnik (2020). "Frequent neurologic manifestations and encephalopathy-associated morbidity in Covid-19 patients." Ann Clin Transl Neurol.
Lo, Y. L. (2021). "COVID-19, fatigue, and dysautonomia." Journal of Medical Virology 93(3): 1213-1213.
Mao, L., H. Jin, M. Wang, Y. Hu, S. Chen, Q. He, J. Chang, C. Hong, Y. Zhou, D. Wang, X. Miao, Y. Li and B. Hu (2020). "Neurologic Manifestations of Hospitalized Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Wuhan, China." JAMA Neurol.
Mermelstein, S. (2020). "Acute anosmia from COVID-19 infection." Pract Neurol.
Miglis, M. G., T. Prieto, R. Shaik, S. Muppidi, D.-I. Sinn and S. Jaradeh (2020). "A case report of postural tachycardia syndrome after COVID-19." Clinical Autonomic Research 30(5): 449-451.
Morfopoulou, S., J. R. Brown, E. G. Davies, G. Anderson, A. Virasami, W. Qasim, W. K. Chong, M. Hubank, V. Plagnol, M. Desforges, T. S. Jacques, P. J. Talbot and J. Breuer (2016). "Human Coronavirus OC43 Associated with Fatal Encephalitis." N Engl J Med 375(5): 497-498.
Munro, K. J., K. Uus, I. Almufarrij, N. Chaudhuri and V. Yioe (2020). "Persistent self-reported changes in hearing and tinnitus in post-hospitalisation COVID-19 cases." Int J Audiol: 1-2.
Nath, A. (2020). "Neurologic complications of coronavirus infections." Neurology.
Nilsson, A., N. Edner, J. Albert and A. Ternhag (2020). "Fatal encephalitis associated with coronavirus OC43 in an immunocompromised child." Infect Dis (Lond): 1-4.
Novak, P. (2020). "Post COVID-19 syndrome associated with orthostatic cerebral hypoperfusion syndrome, small fiber neuropathy and benefit of immunotherapy: a case report." eNeurologicalSci 21: 100276.
Pinna, P., P. Grewal, J. P. Hall, T. Tavarez, R. M. Dafer, R. Garg, N. D. Osteraas, D. R. Pellack, A. Asthana, K. Fegan, V. Patel, J. J. Conners, S. John and I. D. Silva (2020). "Neurological manifestations and COVID-19: Experiences from a tertiary care center at the Frontline." J Neurol Sci 415: 116969.
Pinzon, R. T., V. O. Wijaya, R. B. Buana, A. Al Jody and P. N. Nunsio (2020). "Neurologic Characteristics in Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis." Front Neurol 11: 565.
Polack, F. P., S. J. Thomas, N. Kitchin, J. Absalon, A. Gurtman, S. Lockhart, J. L. Perez, G. Perez Marc, E. D. Moreira, C. Zerbini, R. Bailey, K. A. Swanson, S. Roychoudhury, K. Koury, P. Li, W. V. Kalina, D. Cooper, R. W. Frenck, Jr., L. L. Hammitt, O. Tureci, H. Nell, A. Schaefer, S. Unal, D. B. Tresnan, S. Mather, P. R. Dormitzer, U. Sahin, K. U. Jansen, W. C. Gruber and C. C. T. Group (2020). "Safety and Efficacy of the BNT162b2 mRNA Covid-19 Vaccine." N Engl J Med 383(27): 2603-2615.
Poyiadji, N., G. Shahin, D. Noujaim, M. Stone, S. Patel and B. Griffith (2020). "COVID-19-associated Acute Hemorrhagic Necrotizing Encephalopathy: CT and MRI Features." Radiology: 201187.
Reddy, S., S. Reddy and M. Arora (2021). "A Case of Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome Secondary to the Messenger RNA COVID-19 Vaccine." Cureus 13(5): e14837.
Sadoff, J., G. Gray, A. Vandebosch, V. Cardenas, G. Shukarev, B. Grinsztejn, P. A. Goepfert, C. Truyers, H. Fennema, B. Spiessens, K. Offergeld, G. Scheper, K. L. Taylor, M. L. Robb, J. Treanor, D. H. Barouch, J. Stoddard, M. F. Ryser, M. A. Marovich, K. M. Neuzil, L. Corey, N. Cauwenberghs, T. Tanner, K. Hardt, J. Ruiz-Guinazu, M. Le Gars, H. Schuitemaker, J. Van Hoof, F. Struyf, M. Douoguih and E. S. Group (2021). "Safety and Efficacy of Single-Dose Ad26.COV2.S Vaccine against Covid-19." N Engl J Med.
Salmi, A., B. Ziola, T. Hovi and M. Reunanen (1982). "Antibodies to coronaviruses OC43 and 229E in multiple sclerosis patients." Neurology 32(3): 292-295.
Saniasiaya, J. and J. Kulasegarah (2021). "Dizziness and COVID-19." Ear Nose Throat J 100(1): 29-30.
Schofield, J. R. (2021). "Persistent Antiphospholipid Antibodies, Mast Cell Activation Syndrome, Postural Orthostatic Tachycardia Syndrome and Post-COVID Syndrome: 1 Year On." Eur J Case Rep Intern Med 8(3): 002378.
Shouman, K., G. Vanichkachorn, W. P. Cheshire, M. D. Suarez, S. Shelly, G. J. Lamotte, P. Sandroni, E. E. Benarroch, S. E. Berini, J. K. Cutsforth-Gregory, E. A. Coon, M. L. Mauermann, P. A. Low and W. Singer (2021). "Autonomic dysfunction following COVID-19 infection: an early experience." Clinical Autonomic Research.
Vavougios, G. D. (2020). "Potentially irreversible olfactory and gustatory impairments in COVID-19: Indolent vs. fulminant SARS-CoV-2 neuroinfection." Brain Behav Immun.
Yan, R., Y. Zhang, Y. Li, L. Xia, Y. Guo and Q. Zhou (2020). "Structural basis for the recognition of SARS-CoV-2 by full-length human ACE2." Science 367(6485): 1444-1448.
Yeh, E. A., A. Collins, M. E. Cohen, P. K. Duffner and H. Faden (2004). "Detection of coronavirus in the central nervous system of a child with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis." Pediatrics 113(1 Pt 1): e73-76.
Zubair, A. S., L. S. McAlpine, T. Gardin, S. Farhadian, D. E. Kuruvilla and S. Spudich (2020). "Neuropathogenesis and Neurologic Manifestations of the Coronaviruses in the Age of Coronavirus Disease 2019: A Review." JAMA Neurol 77(8): 1018-1027.